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Zettler info/compiled by Gail Bardhan
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F.X. Zettler Studios
A Selected Bibliography
Compiled by The Rakow Library
The Corning Museum of Glass

Brief history, from the website

Joseph Gabriel Mayer’s son-in-law, Franz Xavier Zettler, originally worked in the window portion of the Mayer firm [there is also a bibliography at the Rakow Library] , before striking out on his own in 1870. His fledgling company achieved its first success with award-winning windows displayed at the 1873 International Exhibition at Vienna. By the end of the decade, Zettler’s firm had 150 employees. In 1882 the company was appointed as the “Royal Bavarian Art Institute for Stained Glass” by King Ludwig II … … Both the Mayer and Zettler studios perfected what became known as the “Munich Style,” which was copied by more than a dozen other window makers who set up shop in the area. … Thousands of churches in the United States purchased their windows. They were especially popular in parishes made up of European immigrants. …

Most of the Royal Bavarian Art Institute’s windows found in the US date from after 1900. …
… the F.X. Zettler Co. merged with its old rival, Mayer & Company, in 1939. This firm, run by a 5th generation member of the Mayer family, still does business today

Note: In the interest of saving time, this is only a brief citation bibliography. Most of the materials are owned by The Rakow Library.


CSGA Bulletin, Feb. 1991, p. 2; Feb. 1993, p. 2

Stained Glass Magazine:
Fall 1996, p. 216 (mention in one paragraph)
Winter 1978-79, p. 267
Fall 1983, p. 247-48
Summer 1983, p. 151-52
Fall 1987, p. 206
Summer 1953, p. 105-06: obituary of Oscar Zettler
Summer 1950, p. 53-57

Ornamental Glass Bulletin v. 13, Feb. 1919, pp. 8-10
(Stained glass craft in Germany; includes Zettler)

Beeh-Lustenberger, Suzanne. Dem Licht Farbe gegeben: 150 Jahre Franz Mayer'sche Hofkunstanstalt, 1847-1997.
Das Münster, v. 51, no. 1, 1998, pp. 35-54, ill.
History of the Munich firm and examples of primarily contemporary work. Includes some mention of Zettler. Footnotes and bibliography on pages 53-54 refer to both firms.
Rakow Research Library Open Stacks, Periodicals N7810 .M96


The art of stained glass : church windows in Northeast Pennsylvania / edited by Richard W. Rousseau. Scranton, PA : University of Scranton Press, c2002. xix, 115 p. Introduction and church histories by Virginia Chieffo Raguin. Includes bibliographical references (p. ix). Windows by Tiffany Studios, Zettler Studios, D'Ascenzo Studio, and Frank Mayer Studio.
Location: Stacks NK5312.P4 .A78

F.X. Zettler, Munich, Germany. Stained glass windows, made in Munich, Germany.
Chicago : F. X. Zettler Stained Glass Studios Inc., [ca. 1925] [4] p., and [28] p. (on one folded sheet) :
Four page introduction is at the beginning of the catalog, followed by [28] p. of images of stained glass. Catalog is not dated, however it does mention that F.X. Zettler has been in business for 55 years; and other sources indicate that this firm began in 1870.
Location: Trade Catalogs
Call Number: Zettler, F.X., Munich, Germany.
2nd copy in the Katharine Lamb Tait archives
Bib record 90579

Fischer, Josef L. Vierzig Jahre Glasmalkunst… Festschrift der Kgl.
bayerischen Hofglasmalerei F. X. Zettler, zum Gedachtnis ihres vierzigjahrigen Bestehens. Munchen: G. Muller, 1910.
Chapter 7 on the US and other foreign countries includes a few names of cities where Zettler windows were installed, pages 91-95
(Location: Secured Stacks NK5350.F52; microfiche f-3300)

Frueh. Chicago Stained Glass. P. 94, 110-113, 115,120, 155.

Konrad, Bernd. Die Glasmalereien des 19. Und das 20. Jahrhunderts im Konstanzner Műnster. Lindenberg: Kunstverlag Josef Fink, 2012. 120 p.
Includes windows by Zettler. (referred to as Königlich Bayerische Hofglasmalerei)
Location: Open Stacks; Secured Stacks NK5350, K82.K82

Mayer, Franz, & Co. Artistic, Mosaic Works in Glass, Stone and Ceramics, Stained Glass Windows, Faceted glass, Cut Glass, Restoration Work. Munich: 1987. Folder of information with partial list of stained glass windows in the U.S. executed by the 2 firms of Franz Mayer Co. and Zettler, ca. 1888-1965.

McCarick, Theodore. The stained glass of the Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart, Newark, New Jersey. Strasbourg, France: Editions du Signe, 1998. 64 p. ill.
Windows designed and created by Franz Zettler in the 1950s.
Location: Open Stacks; Secured Stacks NK5312.Nr.M47

National Museum of History and Technology. A supplement to 1876, a centennial exhibition : list of objects exhibited. Washington, D.C. : The Museum, 1976. 16 p. ; 28 cm.
Accompanies "A treatise upon selected aspects of the Great International Exhibition held in Philadelphia..." (CMGL T825 .N27).
stained glass by F.X. Zettler (p. 12)
Rakow Research Library Open Stacks T825 .N27 suppl.

O'Dell, Margaret H. Hyde Park Union Church. Chicago : Hyde Park Union Church, [1999] (C&D Print Shop) 36 p. :
Windows by Tiffany, Felix Zettler, and C.J. Connick.
Location: Open Stacks NK5312.I2 .O23

[One hundred years stained glass and mosaic studios F. X. Zettler 1870-1970]
Munich, 1970. Promotional brochure
Not in the Rakow Library; not found in OCLC

Philadelphia Exhibition. 1876. Masterpieces of the Centennial International Exhibition. V. 2: pp. 312-13.
(Location: Secured Stacks

Pictorial paintings on glass of the Abbey Church, St. Meinrad, Ind. Munich: Royal Bavarian Art Institute, 1908. 15 p.; ill.
(Location: Secured Stacks: NK5312.I3.P61;
Location: Reading Room microfiche f-12,978

Pöllmann, Ansgar. Weltkrieg u[nd] Kirchenfenster : eine Eröterung über die Stellung der Glasmalerei im Bauprogramm der deutschen Zukunft : ein Lorbeerkranz auf Franz Xaver Zettlers Grab / München : J. Müller, 1917.
NOT IN THE RAKOW LIBRARY; OCLC record 28780781; Duncan 10292

Rousseau, Richard W. The art of stained dglass: church windows in northeast Pennsylvania. Scranton, PA: University of Scranton Prss, 2002. 115 p.
Includes windows by Zettler Studios, p. 57-68, 77-78.
Location: Open Stacks NK5312.P4.A78

Stained glass in Catholic Philadelphia / edited by Jean M. Farnsworth, Carmen R. Croce, Joseph F. Chorpenning ; foreword by Anne d'Harnoncourt ; photography by Laird
Bindrim. Philadelphia : Saint Joseph's University Press, c2002. xix, 505 p. :
Zettler: p. 457l index on p. 505 lists pages with references/illustrations for Philadelphia area windows.
Location: Stacks NK5312.P4 .S78
Location: Microforms F-18978

Tierney, Gail J. Reflections of American spirituality : Mayer and Zettler stained glass windows of the San Francisco Bay Area. San Rafael, Calif. : G. Tierney, 2000. x, 187 leaves :
A study of San Francisco Bay Area stained glass from the German studios of Franz Mayer and F.X. Zettler. Thesis (M.A.)--Dominican College, 2000. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 172-187). Majority of windows are from Saint John the Evangelist and Saint Paul's (San Francisco), Saint Joseph the Worker in Berkeley, and Saint Vincent de Paul in Petaluma.
Location: Stacks NK5312.C1 T56

Zettler, Franx Xavier. Die hervorragnedsten Glasggemalde in koniglichen romanischen Schlosse Castel Pelesch zu Sinaia. Munich, 1887. 52 plates
Windows executed by F.X. Zettler firm in 2nd half of 19th century for the castle.
Location: Special Collections: Jumbo NK5398.Z6 Z61
Location: Reading Room microfiche f-8667

Zettler, Franz Xavier. Stained glass windows : designed and erected by F. X.
Zettler, Munich. Chicago, New York Deprato Statuary Co. [1911]. 1 v
Includes a list of Zettler windows in the United States.
CMGL has microfilm only, purchased from the Library of Congress.
Digitized by The Corning Museum of Glass Library in 2017.
Location: Microfilm R-0399-j;

The Rakow Library’s vertical file has additional information:

Glass painting and staining--Germany –Firms and Individuals—Zettler

Information not in The Rakow Library (websites, etc.)

The firm’s corporate archives of orders, shipments and other details may have been lost, discarded, or incorporated into the records of Mayer, when Zettler was acquired by Mayer in 1939. Also, since this was the end of the depression, and Germany was at war, the historical situation may have impacted the existence of records.

Since this was a German firm shipping to South America, any records that might exist are not going to be known to English language researchers.
good company history

Zettler windows in the United States

The following list of churches was compiled by searching the Internet on 10/22/2004, but this is not a complete list. It is arranged by state, and needs updating. Also, sometimes windows are noted in their original location; windows are sometimes removed from their first installation, and acquired by other churches or by museums. Sometimes church websites include photos of stained glass windows, and the Internet can be a rich resource.

St. Mary Magdalen Catholic Community, Camarillo, California

Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, 1530 Logan Street, Denver, Colorado

Annunciation Parish, Denver

St. Peter Church 98 Main Street Danbury, CT


Hyde Park Union Church, 5600 South Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637
The church windows are described in:
Our Home of Worship, written by Rolland W. Schloerb and published by the church in 1966;
Windows to History, written by Noel M. Gordon and published by the church in 1984
Church’s website:

Divine Word Chapel, Techny, Illinois
St. Bartholomew, Chicago, IL

Providence of God Church, 717 W. 18th Street, Chicago
serving the Bronzeville community in Chicago

Abbey Church, St. Meinrad
St. Martin of Tours Church, Louisville (windows installed by Zettler’s firm between 1893-1895.)

St. Alphonsus Art & Cultural Center, 2045 Constance St. , New Orleans, LA (504) 456-5315

(St. Alphonsus Art and Cultural Center in New Orleans – built as a Redemptorist church in 1855, closed in the 1970s, then saved from the wrecking ball in 1990 and named as a National Historic Landmark six years later – contains windows by Zettler, including several with scenes that very closely resemble some at St. Martin’s.)

“Recently Frank Meyers completed restoring six magnificent windows from the old St. Mary's Catholic Church in Bangor, Maine. The church was gutted by fire in January 1978, although much of the structure remained standing. Some of the windows in the church were painted by Felix Xavier Zettler, a renowned stained glass artist of Munich, Germany in the 1840's. Zettler's work has been regarded by many art historians as representing the zenith of realistic stained glass portraiture”

Mary Immaculate of Lourdes, Boston

Holy Rosary Catholic Church, Cedar, MI
Zettler window: Michigan Stained Glass Census, Window of the Month for April, 1998
Mayer/Zettler window: Cathedral of St. Andrew, Grand Rapids, MI (See: Michigan Stained Glass Census, Window of the Month for January-Feb. 2008)
St. Francis Hospital, Escanaba, MI
Michigan Stained Glass Census Window of the Month for January, 2000

Cathedral of Saint Helena, Helena, Montana

Sacred Heart Cathedral (Sacred Heart Basilica), Newark, NJ: windows by Zettler; information in the book Gothic Pride; the story of building a great cathedral in Newark, by Brian Regan and published by Riverside Books.


Saint James Episcopal Church, Fordham, Bronx NY
Church’s website

St. Luke’s Lutheran Church, New York City

St. Ann's Roman Catholic Church, Broadway at Emslie Sts., Buffalo, NY


National Shrine of Saint Rita of Cascia, Philadelphia

Cathedral of the Madeleine, Salt Lake City, Utah

Chapel at Mount Saint Michael. Spokane, Washington

Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows, 600 E. Grand Ave., Chicago, IL
Located on the east end of Navy Pier, this museum had more than 150 stained glass works—some dating back to the 1890s—by artists including John LaFarge, Louis Sullivan, Frank Lloyd Wright, Franz Mayer and F.X. Zettler. The museum closed in 2014; location of its collection is not known in 2018 by the comiler of this bibliography.

The firm Saint Michel Liturgical Arts, located in Norwood, Massachusetts, provides furnishings for churches. In the 1920's they represented Maumejean Freres of Paris, France and later Mayer Studios of Munich, Germany and the work of Oscar Zettler.

Zettler windows in South America

Venezuela: Santa Capila de Caracas
stained glass in Venezuela

From the Stained Glass Listserv, January 2014

Our Lady of Fatima church in Biloxi, MS recently acquired Zettler stained glass windows from a church in the article is a statement that Zettler was a chemist......
The old church had been unused for a while, was purchased by a local health care firm, and was slated to be demolished.... I don't know if all the stained glass was acquired by the Mississippi church, or not.

From Cynthia Gallagher; Restoration and Design Consultant
Willet Hauser Architectural Glass, Inc.

The following three descriptions, state that Zettler was a chemist. It notes that he used his chemistry knowledge for dyes and colors of stained glass. Yet, I was unable to find their source. The second description states that the information was lost in World War II.
The three descriptions, are as follows:
Welcome to the Cathedral Basilica of the Immaculate Conception. Our windows are considered some of the finest in the world. There are 75 windows - more than any other church of any denomination in America. F.X. Zettler crafted the windows in Munich, Germany at the Royal Bavarian Art Institute (the firm and its secret for exquisite stained glass were destroyed during World War II). Mr. Zettler was a chemist who was known for his unique ability to craft beautiful colors and dyes. With monumental effect, Zettler oversaw 50 artisans who worked to craft our windows. In 1912 the total cost of the 75 windows were $34,000. Today, just one transept window would cost over $500,000.

Another description noting him as a chemist, is as follows:
Zettler was a chemist who was original in the one-of-a-kind colorings of his glass. But his secrets were lost in World War II. Zettler is a recognized master, held in very high regard today. This window was originally in the Mansion-Chapel of Alan Hancock's mother.

The Royal Bavarian Art Institute states:
All of the stained-glass windows in Mary of the Angels Chapel and the Adoration Chapel were furnished by F. X. Zettler of the Royal Bavarian Art Institute of Munich, Germany....The colors in this, and the other stained-glass windows are stunning, which is attributed to F. X. Zettler.Zettler's ability as a chemist enabled him to design beautiful colors and dyes.

Rolf Achilles:
The Smith Museum has bought complete sets of F.X.Zettler and F.Mayer windows when no congregation or other group showed an interest in saving them from demolition.
F.X. Zettler was Franz Mayer's son-in-law and started in the stained glass business as the Mayer firm's accountant who then married the bosses daughter and set up his own firm that sold internationally and not locally as father-in-law did at the time. They remained friends and eventually Mayer opened up affiliations in New York, Chicago and elsewhere emulating son-in-law Zettler's international sales program. In the 1920s the F.X. Zettler firm became a subsidiary of Franz Mayer. It remains so today. While Mayer, Zettler, and TGA (Innsbruck) focused on the US, sometimes competing for contracts and in well documented instances even working together on very large orders gained by one of them, it was Zettler who sold well in countries such as Australia, Brazil, India, China, while Mayer did not seriously venture into those markets.
Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, 1890:
the website includes these two paragraphs:

Zettler and his Royal Bavarian Art Institute became known for the quality of their design, clearness of glass in spite of rich use of colors, and their conscious employment of the medium to realize harmonious decorative effects. The firm also gained a reputation for technological innovations and familiarity with Christian iconography. This allowed them to dominate the market in producing windows for Catholic churches. Their works can be found throughout Europe, and also Canada, South America, Australia, and New Zealand.

Thousands of churches in the United States purchased their windows. They were especially popular in parishes made up of European immigrants. Zettler windows can be found in such notable American edifices as Newark’s Sacred Heart Basilica, Philadelphia’s National Shrine of St. Rita of Cascia, Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Denver, and St. Helena’s Cathedral in Montana. St. Alphonsus Art and Cultural Center in New Orleans – built as a Redemptorist church in 1855, closed in the 1970s, then saved from the wrecking ball in 1990 and named as a National Historic Landmark six years later – contains windows by Zettler, including several with scenes that very closely resemble some at St. Martin’s.

Libcom: Bibliographies: Firms: Zettler gb 4/99

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